CANTON -- A Canton resident has published a book on white slavery in the United States.
Richard Hayes Phillips, a former professor of history at New Mexico Tech and The University of New Mexico, has released “Without Indentures: Index to White Slave Children in Colonial Court Records.”
Phillips began the project after he discovered his direct ancestor, James Hambleton, was sold into slavery in Virginia in 1699. He began searching for other white slave children and found 5,290 children in the colonial court records of Maryland and Virginia.
Under English law it was legal for justices of the peace to ship children found begging or vagrant to plantations as servants without indentures, according to Phillips.
Phillips created this index as a reference to the names he discovered.