MASSENA -- Marina M. Oakes, a student at Joshiki Self Defense in Massena and a Massena Central student was recently promoted to first-degree black belt.
Joshiki Master Instructor Jonathan A. French gave the black belt test with assistance from three other martial art black belts.
Oakes has been an assistant self defense instructor for 2 years and is recognized as a black belt through the Association of Martial Artists World Wide. She is also a member of the AMAWW Black Belt Council.
"Oakes demonstrated the physical techniques of Joshiki and has shown determination, work ethic, humility, respect for others, and is a phenomenal example of a Martial Art Black Belt," an email from French reads.